Romania Travel Guide

Romania Hotels

Romania Travel Destination
Bucharest, Romania
Brasov, Romania
Caras, Romania
Cluj- Napoca, Romania
Constanta, Romania
Craiova, Romania
Galati, Romania
Iasi, Romania
Prahova, Romania
Satu Mare, Romania
Sibiu, Romania
Suceava, Romania
Timis, Romania

Romania Tourism

Romania Festival
Callatis Festival
George Enescu Festival
Golden Stag Festival
Sibiu Jazz Festival
Stufstock Festival

Unique Places in Romania
Berca Mud Volcanoes
Scarisoara Cave
Merry Cemetery
Palace of the Parliament
Transfagarasan Road

World Heritage Sites in Romania
Churches of Moldavia
Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie Mountains
Danube Delta
Historic Centre of Sighişoara
Monastery of Horezu
Villages with Fortified Churches in Transylvania
Wooden Churches of Maramureş

Romania Directory & Romania Travel Information

History of Romania:
Prehistory and Antiquity

Middle Ages

Independence and Monarchy

World Wars & Greater Romania
Romania Communism

Present-Day Democracy


Romania Etymology
Romania Geography

Environment of Romania

Romania Climate

Sports in Romania

Religion in Romania

Romania Largest Cities

Education in Romania

Economy of Romania

Transportation in Romania

Tourism of Romania
Romania Culture

Romania Arts

Romania Monuments

Romania National Flag

Politics of Romania
Romania Administrative Divisions

Foreign Relations of Romania


Romania Vacation Trips

Trip Holidays Romania offers travel tips and information for top travel places and best destinations. We feature links, resources and large selection of budget airlines, chartered planes, sea cruises, ferries, travel agencies, land transports and attractions including beaches, medical tourism, retirement homes, historical and pilgrimage tours.


Romania Middle Ages

After the Roman army and administration left Dacia, the territory was invaded by the Goths, then, in the 4th century by Huns. They were followed by more nomads including Gepids, Avars, Bulgars, Pechenegs, and Cumans.

In the Middle Ages, Romanians lived in three distinct principalities: Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania. By the 11th century, Transylvania became a largely autonomous part of the Kingdom of Hungary, and became the independent as Principality of Transylvania from the 16th century, until 1711. In the other Romanian principalities, many small local states with varying degrees of independence developed, but only in the 14th century the larger principalities Wallachia 1310 and Moldavia around 1352 emerged to fight a threat of the Ottoman Empire.

By 1541, the entire Balkan peninsula and most of Hungary became Ottoman provinces. In contrast, Moldavia, Wallachia, and Transylvania, came under Ottoman suzerainty, but conserved fully internal autonomy and, until the 18th century, some external independence. During this period the Romanian lands were characterised by the slow disappearance of the feudal system; the distinguishment of some rulers like Stephen the Great, Vasile Lupu, and Dimitrie Cantemir in Moldavia, Matei Basarab, Vlad III the Impaler, and Constantin Brâncoveanu in Wallachia, Gabriel Bethlen in Transylvania; the Phanariot Epoch; and the appearance of the Russian Empire as a political and military influence.

In 1600, the principalities of Wallachia, Moldova and Transylvania were simultaneously headed by the Wallachian prince Michael the Brave, Ban of Oltenia, but the chance for a unity dissolved after Mihai was killed, only one year later, by the soldiers of an Austrian army general Giorgio Basta. Mihai Viteazul, who was prince of Transylvania for less than one year, intended for the first time to unite the three principalities and to lay down foundations of a single state in a territory comparable to today's Romania.

After his death, as vassal tributary states, Moldova and Wallachia had complete internal autonomy and an external independence, which was finally lost in the 18th century. In 1699, Transylvania became a territory of the Habsburgs' Austrian empire, following the Austrian victory over the Turks in the Great Turkish War. The Austrians, in their turn, rapidly expanded their empire: in 1718 an important part of Wallachia, called Oltenia, was incorporated to the Austrian monarchy and was only returned in 1739. In 1775, the Austrian empire occupied the north-western part of Moldavia, later called Bukovina, while the eastern half of the principality was occupied in 1812 by Russia.


Holiday Vacation Trips Romania also showcase a unique blend of travel and leisure photos and stories, updates, events and announcements about roads, shopping malls, hotels, bed and breakfast, restaurants, groceries and more. Not just a travel guide but one-of-a-kind discovery of people and places.

Romania Travel Destination
Bucharest Romania - Brasov Romania - Caras Romania - Cluj- Napoca Romania - Constanta Romania
Craiova Romania - Galati Romania - Iasi Romania - Prahova Romania - Satu Mare Romania
Sibiu Romania - Suceava Romania - Timis Romania

Romania Travel Informations and Romania Travel Guide
History of Romania: Prehistory and Antiquity - Middle Ages - Independence and Monarchy
World Wars & Greater Romania - Romania Communism - Present-Day Democracy

Romania Etymology - Romania Geography - Environment of Romania - Romania Climate - Sports in Romania
Religion in Romania
- Romania Largest Cities - Education in Romania - Economy of Romania - Transportation in Romania
Tourism of Romania - Romania Culture - Romania Arts - Romania Monuments - Romania National Flag
Politics of Romania - Romania Administrative Divisions - Foreign Relations of Romania

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